chapter 10

salary guide: technologies.

Against a backdrop of widespread economic disruption, the tech sector stands out. Armed with sophisticated IT infrastructure and, in many cases, a workforce already accustomed to working from home, tech companies have been largely impervious to COVID-19 disruption. From an IT hiring standpoint, that means the “new normal” has a lot in common with the old normal. Sky-high levels of demand, frantic competition for top talent and too few qualified candidates to go around, especially for roles like scrum masters, agile coaches, reliability engineers, data architects, analysts and engineers. All too familiar stories. 

But not everything remains the same. Notably, the global pandemic both catalyzed and accelerated broad-based digital transformations at organizations across the board, with tech pros driving the effort. The massive remote work was just one part of that, but it’s already had some surprising ripple effects in terms of hiring. For one, employers are no longer going to be limited to candidates in their own backyards. In theory, this should help improve diversity — a lingering challenge in the tech sector — and enhance the overall quality of of tech hires. Only time will tell, but it’s a promising start.

2021 outlook

In sharp contrast to most other industries, the dynamics of talent supply and demand in the tech sector weren’t radically upended in 2020. Several factors were behind that, not least of which the comparative ease with which sophisticated tech companies were able to transition to remote-work arrangements. At most of these companies, robust technical architecture was already in place and working from home a well-established routine. These proved to be two huge advantages, compared to other sectors. 

Looking ahead, demand only appears to be going up. Expect the war for top tech talent to heat up throughout 2021, with an increased focus on skilling initiatives that will help businesses maintain continuity and gain a competitive edge. In the interim, forward-thinking leaders should start proactively working with HR teams to identify the right levers — whether that means salary increases, highly targeted outreach, new approaches to sourcing or even leveraging strategic partners — that will enable them to deliver on difficult talent acquisition goals in 2021. 

salary key

This guide presents nationwide pay information for today’s most prevalent and in-demand technology positions.

Compensation data is organized by annual salaries across three levels of professional experience:

entry-level
one year of experience

mid-level
five years of experience

senior-level
10 years of experience

data entry-level mid-level senior-level
big data
data warehouse/business intelligence developer $109,937 $133,418 $158,189
Hadoop developer $111,925 $148,839 $161,466
software development architect $121,167 $152,009 $184,356
database administration
ETL developer $106,444 $137,125 $153,836
Oracle database administrator $109,614 $117,942 $155,233
Oracle developer $114,772 $140,511 $166,194
SQL-server database administrator $100,372 $129,603 $143,143
SQL-server developer $109,292 $132,397 $160,123

data

big data

entry-level

mid-level

senior-level

data warehouse/business intelligence developer

entry-level

$109,937

mid-level

$133,418

senior-level

$158,189

Hadoop developer

entry-level

$111,925

mid-level

$148,839

senior-level

$161,466

software development architect

entry-level

$121,167

mid-level

$152,009

senior-level

$184,356

database administration

entry-level

mid-level

senior-level

ETL developer

entry-level

$106,444

mid-level

$137,125

senior-level

$153,836

Oracle database administrator

entry-level

$109,614

mid-level

$117,942

senior-level

$155,233

Oracle developer

entry-level

$114,772

mid-level

$140,511

senior-level

$166,194

SQL-server database administrator

entry-level

$100,372

mid-level

$129,603

senior-level

$143,143

SQL-server developer

entry-level

$109,292

mid-level

$132,397

senior-level

$160,123
enterprise software
collaboration tools
SharePoint developer $113,644 $130,678 $163,292
CRM/ERP
Oracle applications developer $113,644 $134,063 $163,346
PEGA developer $113,697 $137,717 $161,466
Salesforce administrator $83,661 $120,951 $131,000
Salesforce developer $112,838 $138,791 $158,135
SAP apps developer $103,005 $117,083 $147,065
SharePoint administrator $116,922 $139,328 $156,845

enterprise software

collaboration tools

entry-level

mid-level

senior-level

SharePoint developer

entry-level

$113,644

mid-level

$130,678

senior-level

$163,292

CRM/ERP

entry-level

mid-level

senior-level

Oracle applications developer

entry-level

$113,644

mid-level

$134,063

senior-level

$163,346

PEGA developer

entry-level

$113,697

mid-level

$137,717

senior-level

$161,466

Salesforce administrator

entry-level

$83,661

mid-level

$120,951

senior-level

$131,000

Salesforce developer

entry-level

$112,838

mid-level

$138,791

senior-level

$158,135

SAP apps developer

entry-level

$103,005

mid-level

$117,083

senior-level

$147,065

SharePoint administrator

entry-level

$116,922

mid-level

$139,328

senior-level

$156,845
functional areas
business analysis
business analyst $102,307 $125,949 $151,848
data analyst $93,119 $120,199 $143,251
project management
agile coach $113,053 $140,994 $165,657
product manager $124,659 $139,167 $162,487
program manager $94,891 $134,600 $166,140
project coordinator $108,109 $133,955 $162,809
project manager $61,255 $82,748 $107,680
scrum master $104,349 $133,472 $163,615
QA/testing
automated QA tester $93,924 $115,847 $141,692
manual QA tester $89,840 $115,256 $138,361
performance engineer (QA) $106,390 $131,913 $156,415
technical writing
instructional designer $79,524 $125,573 $151,525
technical writer $91,345 $121,059 $162,218

functional areas

business analysis

entry-level

mid-level

senior-level

business analyst

entry-level

$102,307

mid-level

$125,949

senior-level

$151,848

data analyst

entry-level

$93,119

mid-level

$120,199

senior-level

$143,251

project management

entry-level

mid-level

senior-level

agile coach

entry-level

$113,053

mid-level

$140,994

senior-level

$165,657

product manager

entry-level

$124,659

mid-level

$139,167

senior-level

$162,487

program manager

entry-level

$94,891

mid-level

$134,600

senior-level

$166,140

project coordinator

entry-level

$108,109

mid-level

$133,955

senior-level

$162,809

project manager

entry-level

$61,255

mid-level

$82,748

senior-level

$107,680

scrum master

entry-level

$104,349

mid-level

$133,472

senior-level

$163,615

QA/testing

entry-level

mid-level

senior-level

automated QA tester

entry-level

$93,924

mid-level

$115,847

senior-level

$141,692

manual QA tester

entry-level

$89,840

mid-level

$115,256

senior-level

$138,361

performance engineer (QA)

entry-level

$106,390

mid-level

$131,913

senior-level

$156,415

technical writing

entry-level

mid-level

senior-level

instructional designer

entry-level

$79,524

mid-level

$125,573

senior-level

$151,525

technical writer

entry-level

$91,345

mid-level

$121,059

senior-level

$162,218
infrastructure
desktop/help desk
desktop/help desk support technician $51,852 $80,330 $113,913
network engineering
network administrator $84,897 $119,931 $142,552
systems administrative engineering
Linux/Unix systems engineer $103,864 $130,946 $154,212
storage administrator $90,271 $118,748 $145,077
virtualization engineer/cloud developer/cloud engineer $110,366 $135,191 $167,000
Windows systems engineer $103,864 $115,954 $145,830

infrastructure

desktop/help desk

entry-level

mid-level

senior-level

desktop/help desk support technician

entry-level

$51,852

mid-level

$80,330

senior-level

$113,913

network engineering

entry-level

mid-level

senior-level

network administrator

entry-level

$84,897

mid-level

$119,931

senior-level

$142,552

systems administrative engineering

entry-level

mid-level

senior-level

Linux/Unix systems engineer

entry-level

$103,864

mid-level

$130,946

senior-level

$154,212

storage administrator

entry-level

$90,271

mid-level

$118,748

senior-level

$145,077

virtualization engineer/cloud developer/cloud engineer

entry-level

$110,366

mid-level

$135,191

senior-level

$167,000

Windows systems engineer

entry-level

$103,864

mid-level

$115,954

senior-level

$145,830
security
network engineering
certified ethical hacker (CEH)/penetration tester $140,886 $150,451 $171,943
cybersecurity engineer $112,731 $130,892 $168,289
network engineer (Cisco or Juniper) $84,897 $112,032 $147,549
network security engineer $98,169 $131,322 $153,353
security analyst $98,438 $127,078 $149,859

security

network engineering

entry-level

mid-level

senior-level

certified ethical hacker (CEH)/penetration tester

entry-level

$140,886

mid-level

$150,451

senior-level

$171,943

cybersecurity engineer

entry-level

$112,731

mid-level

$130,892

senior-level

$168,289

network engineer (Cisco or Juniper)

entry-level

$84,897

mid-level

$112,032

senior-level

$147,549

network security engineer

entry-level

$98,169

mid-level

$131,322

senior-level

$153,353

security analyst

entry-level

$98,438

mid-level

$127,078

senior-level

$149,859
software development
application architecture
software architect $121,167 $152,009 $184,356
software development engineer in test $90,808 $130,409 $153,782
devops
build and release engineer/configuration engineer $121,436 $140,779 $140,779
devops developer $112,785 $140,242 $165,980
software engineering
.NET developer $108,055 $130,892 $155,663
artificial intelligence (AI)/applications engineer $116,545 $140,511 $170,977
data scientist $116,331 $126,218 $156,630
embedded engineer $111,978 $133,310 $161,412
full stack web developer $109,400 $136,266 $161,304
JavaScript developer $106,820 $133,364 $160,714
machine learning engineer $110,635 $139,919 $171,031
mobile developer (iOS, Android, W8) $105,960 $137,071 $156,039
Python developer $109,292 $141,692 $165,549
software engineer/back-end engineer $112,677 $138,576 $160,767
web and app design
graphic designer $79,738 $123,424 $143,089
PHP developer $99,620 $131,429 $167,162
Ruby developer $113,913 $141,477 $167,162
UI/visual designer $107,841 $128,581 $155,663
UX/interaction designer $108,915 $135,997 $159,317

software development

application architecture

entry-level

mid-level

senior-level

software architect

entry-level

$121,167

mid-level

$152,009

senior-level

$184,356

software development engineer in test

entry-level

$90,808

mid-level

$130,409

senior-level

$153,782

devops

entry-level

mid-level

senior-level

build and release engineer/configuration engineer

entry-level

$121,436

mid-level

$140,779

senior-level

$140,779

devops developer

entry-level

$112,785

mid-level

$140,242

senior-level

$165,980

software engineering

entry-level

mid-level

senior-level

.NET developer

entry-level

$108,055

mid-level

$130,892

senior-level

$155,663

artificial intelligence (AI)/applications engineer

entry-level

$116,545

mid-level

$140,511

senior-level

$170,977

data scientist

entry-level

$116,331

mid-level

$126,218

senior-level

$156,630

embedded engineer

entry-level

$111,978

mid-level

$133,310

senior-level

$161,412

full stack web developer

entry-level

$109,400

mid-level

$136,266

senior-level

$161,304

JavaScript developer

entry-level

$106,820

mid-level

$133,364

senior-level

$160,714

machine learning engineer

entry-level

$110,635

mid-level

$139,919

senior-level

$171,031

mobile developer (iOS, Android, W8)

entry-level

$105,960

mid-level

$137,071

senior-level

$156,039

Python developer

entry-level

$109,292

mid-level

$141,692

senior-level

$165,549

software engineer/back-end engineer

entry-level

$112,677

mid-level

$138,576

senior-level

$160,767

web and app design

entry-level

mid-level

senior-level

graphic designer

entry-level

$79,738

mid-level

$123,424

senior-level

$143,089

PHP developer

entry-level

$99,620

mid-level

$131,429

senior-level

$167,162

Ruby developer

entry-level

$113,913

mid-level

$141,477

senior-level

$167,162

UI/visual designer

entry-level

$107,841

mid-level

$128,581

senior-level

$155,663

UX/interaction designer

entry-level

$108,915

mid-level

$135,997

senior-level

$159,317

For salary information and titles specific to your region, contact your local Randstad representative today.

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